Analyzing meaning: An introduction to semantics and pragmatics. Third edition

Paul Kroeger  


This book provides an introduction to the study of meaning in human language, from a linguistic perspective. It covers a fairly broad range of topics, including lexical semantics, compositional semantics, and pragmatics. The chapters are organized into six units: (1) Foundational concepts; (2) Word meanings; (3) Implicature (including indirect speech acts); (4) Compositional semantics; (5) Modals, conditionals, and causation; (6) Tense & aspect.

Most of the chapters include exercises which can be used for class discussion and/or homework assignments, and each chapter contains references for additional reading on the topics covered.

As the title indicates, this book is truly an introduction: it provides a solid foundation which will prepare students to take more advanced and specialized courses in semantics and/or pragmatics. It is also intended as a reference for fieldworkers doing primary research on under-documented languages, to help them write grammatical descriptions that deal carefully and clearly with semantic issues. The approach adopted here is largely descriptive and non-formal (or, in some places, semi-formal), although some basic logical notation is introduced. The book is written at level which should be appropriate for advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate students. It presupposes some previous coursework in linguistics, but does not presuppose any background in formal logic or set theory.

This is a revised version of


Author Biography

Paul Kroeger, Dallas International University

Paul Kroeger is a Professor of Applied Linguistics at the Dallas International University in Dallas, Texas, and a Senior Linguistic Consultant for SIL International. He is the author of Phrase structure and grammatical relations in Tagalog (1993, CSLI); Analyzing syntax: a lexical-functional approach (2004, Cambridge University Press); and Analyzing grammar: an introduction (2005, Cambridge University Press). He holds a Ph.D. in Linguistics from Stanford University. His research has focused primarily on the syntax and semantics of Western Malayo-Polynesian languages, with a particular interest in languages of Borneo.

Book cover


August 30, 2022
LaTeX source on GitHub
Cite as
Kroeger, Paul. 2022. Analyzing meaning: An introduction to semantics and pragmatics. Third edition. (Textbooks in Language Sciences 5). Berlin: Language Science Press. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.6855854

Details about the available publication format: PDF


ISBN-13 (15)




Details about the available publication format: Softcover


ISBN-13 (15)


Physical Dimensions

180mm x 245mm