One-to-many-relations in morphology, syntax, and semantics

Berthold Crysmann   Manfred Sailer  

Synopsis

The standard view of the form-meaning interfaces, as embraced by the great majority of contemporary grammatical frameworks, consists in the assumption that meaning can be associated with grammatical form in a one-to-one correspondence. Under this view, composition is quite straightforward, involving concatenation of form, paired with functional application in meaning. In this book, we discuss linguistic phenomena across several grammatical sub-modules (morphology, syntax, semantics) that apparently pose a problem to the standard view, mapping out the potential for deviation from the ideal of one-to-one correspondences, and develop formal accounts of the range of phenomena. We argue that a constraint-based perspective is particularly apt to accommodate deviations from one-to-many correspondences, as it allows us to impose constraints on full structures (such as a complete word or the interpretation of a full sentence) instead of deriving such structures step by step.

Most of the papers in this volume are formulated in a particular constraint-based grammar framework, Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar. The contributions investigate how the lexical and constructional aspects of this theory can be combined to provide an answer to this question across different linguistic sub-theories.

Chapters

  • Introduction
    Berthold Crysmann, Manfred Sailer
  • One lexeme, many classes
    Inflection class systems as lattices
    Sacha Beniamine
  • Deconstructing exuberant exponence in Batsbi
    Berthold Crysmann
  • Periphrasis and morphosyntatic mismatch in Czech
    Olivier Bonami, Gert Webelhuth
  • The issue of “separability” in Persian Complex Predicates
    Pegah Faghiri, Pollet Samvelian
  • Subject inversion in French object relatives
    What’s your preference?
    Céline Pozniak, Anne Abeillé, Barbara Hemforth
  • Negative conjuncts and negative concord across the board
    Manfred Sailer, Frank Richter
  • Modification of literal meanings in semantically non-decomposable idioms
    Sascha Bargmann, Berit Gehrke, Frank Richter

Biographies

Berthold Crysmann, CNRS

Berthold Crysmann is a CNRS researcher at the Laboratoire de linguistique formelle in Paris. He received a Master in French, African linguistics and computer science from the University of Hamburg, and both a PhD in computational linguistics and a habilitation in general linguistics from the University of the Saarland. His work focuses on syntax and morphology, which he approaches from both a formal theoretical and a computational perspective.

Manfred Sailer

Manfred Sailer (1969) is professor of English Linguistics at Goethe-Universität Frankfurt a.M. He studied general linguistics, computer science and psychology at Universität Tübingen (Master 1995, Promotion 2003) and received his postdoctoral degree (Habilitation) in English and General Linguistics at Göttingen University (2010). His main areas of research are the syntax-semantics interface, formal phraseology, negation, and the interaction of regularity and irregularity in language.

Book cover

Published

May 9, 2021
LaTeX source on GitHub

License

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Details about the available publication format: PDF

PDF

ISBN-13 (15)

978-3-96110-307-2

doi

10.5281/zenodo.4638824

Details about the available publication format: Hardcover

Hardcover

ISBN-13 (15)

978-3-98554-003-7