Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar: The handbook

Stefan Müller   Anne Abeillé   Robert D. Borsley   Jean-Pierre Koenig  




Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar (HPSG) is a constraint-based or declarative approach to linguistic knowledge, which analyses all descriptive levels (phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics) with feature value pairs, structure sharing, and relational constraints. In syntax it assumes that expressions have a single relatively simple constituent structure. This volume provides a state-of-the-art introduction to the framework. Various chapters discuss basic assumptions and formal foundations, describe the evolution of the framework, and go into the details of the main syntactic phenomena. Further chapters are devoted to non-syntactic levels of description. The book also considers related fields and research areas (gesture, sign languages, computational linguistics) and includes chapters comparing HPSG with other frameworks (Lexical Functional Grammar, Categorial Grammar, Construction Grammar, Dependency Grammar, and Minimalism).  





Stefan Müller, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin

Stefan Müller studied Computer Science, Computational Linguistics and Linguistics at the Humboldt University at Berlin and in Edinburgh. He worked at the German Research Center of Artificial Intelligence (DFKI) in Saarbrücken and for the company Interice. He worked as acting chair for German and Computational Linguistics in Jena and for Theoretical Computational Linguistics in Potsdam. He had an assistant professorship in Bremen for theoretical linguistics and computational linguistics, a full professorship for German and General Linguistics at the Freie Universität Berlin and is now professor for German language with specialization in syntax at the Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.

His main re­search topic is Ger­man gram­mar. He works both em­pir­i­cal­ly and the­o­ret­i­cal­ly. Top­ics of in­ter­est are mor­phol­o­gy, syn­tax, se­man­tics, and in­for­ma­tion struc­ture. He pub­lished main­ly about Ger­man, but he also works on other lan­guages as for in­stance Man­darin Chi­nese, Dan­ish, Maltese, and Per­sian. The the­o­ret­i­cal work is car­ried out in the framework of Head-​Driv­en Phrase Struc­ture Gram­mar (HPSG) and the theoret­i­cal anal­y­ses are im­ple­ment­ed in com­put­er-​pro­cess­able gram­mar fragments. The gram­mar frag­ments that are implemented in the CoreGram Project use a com­mon core. One goal of his re­search is to un­der­stand lan­guage and to find out what lan­guages in gen­er­al and cer­tain lan­guage class­es in par­tic­u­lar have in com­mon.

Anne Abeillé, Paris Diderot

Anne Abeillé is Professor of Linguistics at University of Paris, and a member of Laboratoire de Linguistique formelle. She was research assistant at U.Penn, and assistant professor at University of Paris 8. She did her PhD on Lexicalized Tree Adjoining grammars at University of Paris 7, before moving to Head-Driven Phrase structure Grammar and collaborating with Ivan Sag.

She has mainly worked on the syntax of French and Romance languages, but also on Mauritian (a French-based creole) and English. Her main research goal is to combine a wide range of empirical data (from large corpora and experiments) with theoretical and formal analysis. Her publications include 5 books and more than 70 papers, in journals such as Langue française, Langages, Language, Journal of Linguistics, Lingua, Glossa, TAL, and conference Proceedings, such as COLING, ACL, LREC, HPSG, CUNY, Amlap, and CSSP.

She has been responsible for several research projects, including the FrenchTreebank. She now is responsible for the strand Experimental Grammar in a cross-linguistic perspective of the EFL LabEx, and a coeditor (with Danièle Godard) of the Grande Grammaire du français.

Robert D. Borsley, University of Essex and Bangor University

Robert D. Borsley is Professor Emeritus, at the University of Essex, where he worked from 2000 to 2017, and an Honorary Professor at Bangor University, where he worked from 1986 to 2000. He worked previously in University College Dublin, the IBM UK Scientific Centre, Winchester, University College London, the West London Institute of Higher Education, and Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland. He did his PhD at the University of Edinburgh, and his first degree at Bangor University.

His main research interests are in syntactic theory, and he has published extensively on the syntax of English and Welsh, and on other languages, including Breton, Polish, and Arabic. He has worked mainly within the HPSG framework and has made a variety of contributions to its development. In the late 1980s, he did some work on computational grammars as a visiting scientist at the IBM UK Scientific Centre in Winchester, and in the late 1990s he did some work on the acquisition of Welsh syntax. He has published eight books on syntax, most recently Welsh Negation and Grammatical Theory with Bob Morris Jones (University of Wales Press, 2005), The Syntax of Welsh with Maggie Tallerman and David Willis (Cambridge University Press, 2007), and Nontransformational Syntax: Formal and Explicit Models of Grammar with Kersti Börjars of the University of Manchester. He was also an editor of Journal of Linguistics from 1994 to 2016.

Jean-Pierre Koenig, University at Buffalo

Jean-Pierre Koenig is Professor of Linguistics at the University Buffalo, where he has been since 1994. He did his PhD at the University of California, Berkeley, and his BA/MA at the Ecole Normale Supérieure (Ulm) and Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales in Paris.

His main research interests are in morphology, syntax, semantics, and psycholinguistics. He has worked on the structure and organization of lexical and morphological knowledge (which resulted in a book in 1999 Lexical Relations), lexical semantics (particularly argument structure, word meaning, aspect and negation), and the representation and use of semantic information in sentence processing. He has worked mostly on English and French, but together with students, he has worked on aspects of the morphology, syntax, and semantics of Hindi, Japanese, Mandarin, Spanish, and Thai. For over a decade, he has been collaborating with Karin Michelson on the morphology, syntax, and semantics of Oneida (Northern Iroquoian). He approaches issues from a variety of perspectives, traditional linguistic analysis, formal models within HPSG, corpus linguistics, psycholinguistics, and cognitive science.

Book cover


October 27, 2021
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Cite as
Müller, Stefan, Abeillé, Anne, Borsley, Robert D. & Koenig, Jean-Pierre (eds.). 2021. Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar: The handbook. (Empirically Oriented Theoretical Morphology and Syntax 9). Berlin: Language Science Press. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.5543318



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